Publication Title usa Code, 1994 Edition, Supplement 5, Title 8 – ALIENS AND NATIONALITY
Category Bills and Statutes
Collection United States Code
SuDoc Class Number Y 1.2/5:
included Within Title 8 – ALIENS AND NATIONALITYCHAPTER 12 – IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITYSUBCHAPTER II – IMMIGRATIONPart IX – MiscellaneousSec. 1375 – Mail-order bride company
Contains part 1375
Date 1999
Laws in place at the time of Date January 23, 2000
Positive Law No
Disposition standard
Source Credit Pub. L. 104-208, div. C, name VI, §652, Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-712.
Statutes most importantly References 100 Stat. 3537108 Stat. 1902110 Stat. 3009-712
Public Law References Public Law 99-639, Public Law 103-322, Public Law 104-208

§1375. Mail-order bride company

(a) Findings

The Congress finds the following:

(1) there was an amazing “mail-order bride” business in america. With around 200 businesses in america, an approximated 2,000 to 3,500 guys in the usa find wives through mail-order bride catalogs every year. Nevertheless, there are not any formal data available in the wide range of mail-order brides going into the united states of america every year.

(2) The businesses involved in the mail-order bride company make significant earnings.

(3) although some of those mail-order marriages work out, in lots of other situations, anecdotal proof shows that mail-order brides are in abusive relationships. Additionally there is proof to declare that a substantial quantity of mail-order marriages are fraudulent under united states of america legislation.

(4) numerous mail-order brides come in to the united states of america unaware or ignorant of united states of america immigration legislation. Mail-order brides that are battered usually believe that they will be deported if they flee an abusive marriage. Usually the resident partner threatens to possess them deported if they report the punishment.

(5) The Immigration and Naturalization Service estimates that the price of marriage fraud between international nationals and united states of america citizens or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence is 8 per cent. It really is ambiguous exactly just exactly what portion of the wedding fraudulence instances originate as mail-order marriages.

(b) Information dissemination

(1) Requirement

Each worldwide matchmaking company working in the usa shall disseminate to recruits, upon recruitment, such immigration and naturalization information since the Immigration and Naturalization provider deems appropriate, into the recruit’s indigenous language, including information about conditional permanent residence status and also the battered spouse waiver under such status, permanent resident status, wedding fraudulence charges, the unregulated nature for the company involved in by such companies, as well as the research needed under subsection (c) of the part.

(2) Civil penalty

(A) Breach

Any worldwide matchmaking company that the Attorney General determines has violated this subsection will be topic, as well as any kind of charges which may be recommended for legal reasons, to a civil cash penalty of less than ,000 for every violation that is such.

(B) Procedures for imposition of penalty

Any penalty under subparagraph (A) could be imposed just after notice and possibility for a company hearing regarding the record in accordance with parts 554 through 557 of title 5.

The Attorney General, in assessment utilizing the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization as well as the Director of this Violence Against Women Initiative regarding the Department of Justice, shall conduct a scholarly research of mail-order marriages to ascertain, on top of other things—

(1) how many such marriages;

(2) the degree of marriage fraudulence this kind of marriages, including an estimate for the degree of wedding fraudulence as a result of the solutions given by worldwide matchmaking businesses;

(3) the degree to which mail-order partners utilize area 1254a(a)(3) 1 of the name (supplying for suspension system of deportation in some instances involving punishment), or part 1154(a)(1)(A)(iii) of the name (supplying for several aliens who’ve been mistreated to file a category petition by themselves behalf);

(4) the degree of domestic punishment in mail-order marriages; and

(5) the necessity for continued or expanded legislation and training to implement the goals for the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 together with Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 with regards to marriages that are mail-order.

Perhaps perhaps maybe Not later on than 1 12 months after September 30, 1996, the Attorney General shall submit a study to your Committees in the Judiciary of this House of Representatives and for the Senate setting forth the results for the study carried out under subsection (c) with this part.

( ag ag e) Definitions

As found in this part:

(1) International organization that is matchmaking

(A) as a whole

The definition of matchmaking that is“international” means a company, partnership, company, or any other appropriate entity, whether or otherwise not arranged beneath the laws and regulations for the united states of america or any State, that does business in america and for revenue provides to united states of america citizens or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence, dating, matrimonial, or social recommendation solutions to nonresident noncitizens, by—

(i) an trade of names, phone numbers, details, or data;

(ii) collection of photographs; or

(iii) an environment that is social by the corporation in a nation aside from the usa.

(B) Exclusion

Such term will not come with a matchmaking that is traditional of the spiritual nature that otherwise runs in conformity aided by the rules for the nations associated with the recruits of these company therefore the regulations associated with united states of america.

The word “recruit” means a noncitizen, nonresident person, recruited by the worldwide matchmaking company for the intended purpose of providing dating, matrimonial, or social recommendation services to united states of america citizens or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence.

(Pub. L. 104–208, div. C, title VI, §652, Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–712.)

Sources in Text

The Violence Against Women Act of 1994, described in subsec. (c)(5), is name IV of Pub. L. 103–322, Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 1902. For complete category with this Act towards the Code, see Quick Title note put down under section 13701 of Title 42, the general public Health and Welfare, and Tables.

The Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986, described in subsec. (c)(5), is Pub. L. 99–639, Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3537. For complete category of the Act to your Code, see Short Title of 1986 Amendments note put down under part 1101 with this title and Tables.


Area ended up being enacted within the prohibited Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, and in addition as the main Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997, rather than included in the Immigration and Nationality Act which comprises this chapter.

1 So in initial. Most likely must be section “1229b(b)(2)”.

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